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Thursday, August 29, 2019

How Does ICT Contribute to the Teaching and Learning Processes?

Role of Information and Communication Technology in education
Role of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in the Process of Teaching and Learning

How Does ICT Contribute to the Teaching and Learning Processes?

Information and communication technology (ICT) has multiple uses, including information transfer, monitoring, management, data collection, and analysis. In the knowledge economy, the ability to use ICTs will become very important. Apart from the importance of ICT as an employment skill, using computers in schools in various ways will help students learn.
Many students have discovered the ability of computers to pursue their interests and to be innovative. Many complex computer games, for example, develop higher-order thinking skills. When all schools are connected to the Internet, teachers will be able to take advantage of technology in multiple ways.

Examples of using information and communication technology (ICT) as a learning tool are:

Access to information on the Internet.
Making drawings of information and data.
Use and develop educational software.
Developing multimedia presentations.
Search for references to encyclopedias on compact Discs (CDs).

Importance of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Teaching and Learning 

Information and communication technology (ICT) is an educational tool that attracts and encourages students to be independent learners, helping them to access information quickly from a wide range of global sources. ICT also achieves elements of student-centered learning.

(1) Effective learning:

Information and communication technology (ICT) allows students, individually and in small groups, to derive and interpret data, and to monitor and analyze information.

(2) Student Centrality:

Information and communication technology can be used for multiple types of learners to allow them freedom of choice and independence. Some learners are audiovisual, others are visual, and others learn faster using the keyboard rather than paper and pen. ICTs can also be used to express ideas through story writing, drawing, calculations and composing music. Educational software allows students to work at varying speeds.

(3) Modeling and simulating real-life situations:

Using educational software, teachers, and learners can learn about life situations in a more dynamic way than traditional books allow.
For example, students can use the Internet to make a virtual trip to planets. Using important e-books, students will be able to simulate situations in texts.

(4) Resource-Based Learning:

Information and communication technology (ICT) has become another source of new resources for students and teachers. ICT will provide teachers and students with permanent resources such as CD-ROM encyclopedias.



(5) Activating basic computer skills:

Students and teachers must have certain basic computer skills before they are able to use computers in different subjects. The following list summarizes these skills:

⇒Students can turn the computer on and off.
⇒Use the keyboard and mouse to run basic computer functions.
⇒Typing using the keyboard.
⇒Document work, storage, and retrieval.
⇒Create, organize, and manage files.
⇒Open, use and close the software.
⇒Print documents.
⇒Use familiar computer accessories, such as printers, scanners, digital cameras, and digital projectors.

(6) Adoption of Student Learning Outcomes

Information and communication technology (ICT) is an effective tool to implement the curriculum of learning outcomes. Students will need to be able to accomplish the following educational tasks:

⇒Record, organize and present presentations using multimedia text and graphics.
⇒Data collection, evaluation, and interpretation.
⇒Search for websites using specific web browsers and search engines.
⇒Communicate, interact and collaborate with classmates, students from different regions and countries.
⇒Use of independent learning software depending on the speed of the learner.
⇒Develop sets of computer instructions to simulate real situations and solve problems.

As students engage in these activities, they need the following specialized critical thinking skills:

⇨They can evaluate websites to distinguish appropriate and inappropriate information and perspectives
⇨Evaluate websites to determine the credibility of sources.

Regulations for the use of Information and communication technology (ICT) as an educational tool, are found under the following headings:

⇒Data collection, evaluation, and interpretation.
⇒Investigation and search for information.
⇒Using educational software.
⇒Create multimedia presentations.



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