Tuesday, March 3, 2020

Applications of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Everyday Life

What are the uses of information and communication technology in our daily life?
Information and communications technology (ICT) can be defined as: all the technologies used to handle broadcast media, telecommunications, intelligent building management systems (IBMS), network-based control systems, audiovisual processing and transmission systems and others.
ICT is used in most of the fields such as E-Commerce, E-governance, Banking, Agriculture, Education, Medicine, Defense, Transport, etc. 
Information and communication technology
What are the uses of information and communication technology in our daily life?

The Applications of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Everyday Life

What is Information and Communication Technology (ICT)?

Information and communication technologies are all the bases, methods and steps used in communicating, disseminating information, and performing calculations using all electronic devices designed for this purpose, such as computers and various means of communication within established scientific rules and regulations.

Information and communications technology (ICT) can also be defined as: all the technologies used to handle broadcast media, telecommunications, intelligent building management systems, network-based control and monitoring functions, audiovisual processing and transmission systems and others.

ICT was also recently used to express the use of communication lines, to transfer various types and formats of data. Audio and video networks and computer networks are combined through a common cable system, such as providing internet, telephone, and television services to homes and companies through a single optical cable, which contributes to a significant reduction in costs.

The term (ICT) that appeared in the eighties, and its popularity increased in 1997 AD, can be considered as the broadest synonym for information technology, because the first includes a focus on unified communications and communication integration, with the aim of storing and transmitting the information.



What is the Importance of Information and Communication Technology in Today's World?

 Information and communication technologies have greatly affected human life. Since the industrial revolution, man has begun to develop machines and equipment that facilitate his work. 

With the advent of information technology, mankind has jumped a qualitative leap towards development on the one hand and luxury on the other hand, where the work was done in the old offices using paperwork and transactions manually, which leads to taking a long time to finish.

 After the entry of technology into the world of business, agreements and transactions have been established from anywhere in the world and very quickly. Thus, ICT has a great impact on our lives.

On the educational side: Boards, chalk, and heavy books were overloaded with a computer board containing all the educational courses, thus providing greater comfort to the student and introducing him to the world of development since childhood.

Some schools in the world have begun to teach the basics of programming languages as basic materials in schools, thus creating a scientific and cultural awareness of the student and making him an innovative person who makes the applications and devices he wants on his own.

On the industrial side: The entry of ICT after the industrial revolution led to the development of the machines used and linking them to the web to send orders to them from different sectors.
ICT has increased the productivity of industries and reduced the time required to achieve the desired goal.

In the political and military aspects: Information technology has played a major role in the power and dominance of the state. 
The major countries sought to develop means of communication and means of obtaining information about the enemy. 
The amount of information available became a serious weapon in which entire countries could be destroyed: radars, drones.
Encrypted information is one of the fundamentals of military power in the state.



What are the Components of Information and Communication Technology?

The ICT system consists of the following components:
  • Cloud Computing.
  • Software.
  • Hardware.
  • Transactions.
  • Communication Technologies.
  • Data.
  • Internet.
Read more: What are the Different Application Areas of Information Technology (IT)?

What are the Uses of Information and Communication Technology in Our Daily Life?

Information and communication technology
What are the uses of information and communication technology in our daily life?

Applications of Information and Communication Technology (ICT)

Information and communications technology (ICT) is used in most of the fields such as e-commerce, e-governance, banking, agriculture, education, medicine, defense, transport, etc.
With technological advances, advanced computing infrastructure,  sophisticated marketing strategies, and reduced cycle times with robotic process automation (RPA), ICT is playing a vital role.
Information and communication technology can be used in various fields, including:

ICT in Entertainment: 
Information and communication technologies (ICT) have impacted entertainment and leisure activities in different ways in which you spend your time.
ICT offers a variety of entertainment and leisure activities and allows for quick access to movies or music that can be easily accessed and you can watch movies and listen to music directly from the Internet.
ICT adds more interactive technologies to TV shows. Digital cameras, printers and scanners have enabled more people to experience image production, in addition to developing graphic interfaces.

ICT in Medical Science:
Medical devices and modern equipment have evolved considerably favoring information and communications technology.
Information and communication technologies (ICT) are related to the devices, resources and tools needed to improve the acquisition, retrieval, storage and use of information in health and biomedicine.
That is why we find that most of the medical devices that now exist rely on information and communication technology in the way of use, detection and treatment of diseases.
Health informatics tools include formal medical terms, clinical guidelines, computers, and information and communication systems.

ICT in Finance: 
Information and communication technology is used daily by financial companies, to trade financial instruments, to report a business's earnings, and to keep records of personal budgets.
ICT allows rapid calculation of financial data and provides financial services companies with strategic and innovative benefits as well as electronic transfer of money, through the use of credit cards, or e-commerce, which includes the purchase and payment via the Internet and others.
ICT helps deal with security concerns, legal issues and access to global markets.

ICT in Public Sector Management: 
Information and communication technology (ICT) is used to facilitate more convenient government services, make the government more transparent and accountable to citizens, promote a more efficient and cost-effective government.
ICT provides greater public access to information and constitutes opportunities for public administration that require meeting many economic, financial, structural and legal conditions.
ICT also allows people to perform many different activities, such as: paying bills or renewing official documents such as driving licenses and others over the Internet.

ICT in Home Electronics: 
The use of ICT in domestic electronics is developing rapidly. ICT equipment is used to increase access to home care. As it became possible to manage the house through a system that controls lighting, home security, air conditioning, and others.



ICT in Education: 
Information and communication technology contributes greatly to education because it improves the way of education and provides a better educational environment, through the use of computers, tablets, data displays, interactive electronic boards, and others in the process of communicating information to students.
UNESCO pursues a comprehensive educational system, enhanced by information and communications technology, which focuses on the main challenges in joint work, whether in the field of communications, information, science, and education.

ICT in Agriculture: 
Information and communication technology in agriculture helps in the growing demand for new approaches and focuses on enhancing agricultural and rural development through better information and communication processes.
ICT also helps empower rural people by providing better farming techniques, better access to natural resources, effective production strategies, and digital marketing strategies for agribusiness and financial services, etc.

ICT in Business
The use of information and communications technology is very important for businesses to establish a hassle-free and secure communication flow and to meet daily operational tasks.
ICT tools help companies analyze, store, process and share vast amounts of data and make better use of products and resources.
ICT tools also help improve profitability, reduce costs compared to manual tasks and minimize lead times.
ICT systems allow managers and employees to make decisions quickly and accurately so that they can effectively manage the operations process and day-to-day activities and rapidly predict business opportunities or threats.

Information and Communications Technology Jobs

In the ICT field, you can do the following jobs:

The manager: The position of the manager is one of the important jobs that rely heavily on information and communications technology.

The developer analyst: The person who designs information systems and learns how to upgrade software and how hardware works.

The engineer:  The person who can do software work to develop and implement programs and applications for the system.


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