Wednesday, March 4, 2020

What are the Different Application Areas of Information Technology (IT)?

There are different application areas of information technology in the modern world.
The most important areas, in which information technology is used, are computer programming, management information systems, geographic information system, information security analysis, database administration, network administration and management, cable tv, video on demand, multimedia conferencing, home shopping on the web, automated teller machine (ATM), electronic data interchange, telemedicine and many more in different fields.
information technology
Characteristics and advantages of information technology - What are the applications of information technology in today's world?

What are the Different Application Areas of Information Technology (IT)?

What is Information Technology (IT)

Information technology (IT) is a broad discipline that deals with all aspects of technology, processing, and management of information, especially in large organizations, by dealing with computer software and electronic devices in order to transfer, store, protect, process, transmit and retrieve information.

Information technology (IT) has been divided into two sections:

Physical Section
The physical part is the devices used in the process of communication from computers and office and telephones to the wires used in the manufacture of networks that are connected with all devices to complete the transfer of information from one side to another.

Scientific section
 It is about programming languages, computational engineering, and artificial intelligence that manage the communication process according to steps determined by the administrator or engineer.



History of Information Technology

  Information technology emerged in the 1990s when computers became the basic tools at work at all levels and fields to meet the demands of everyday life, business activities in institutions, as well as with students.
Therefore, professionals needed to develop technology and lay the foundations for their infrastructure.

Characteristics of Information Technology

Accuracy: Accuracy is intended in terms of good quality information, and the corresponding amount of information.

Timing: It is the time period required to provide and retrieve information to the beneficiary.

Validity: means the appropriateness of information to the needs of the beneficiary.

Inclusiveness: It is intended to secure all aspects that the beneficiary needs.

Clarity: The information is far from ambiguity and unjustified confusion with other subjects.

Investigability: Advanced information can be examined, reviewed and investigated in terms of validity and time.

Advantages of Information Technology

Information technology saves time, provides information, and then transfers it from the computer.
The individual gains skill thus enlarges his horizons and enhances his creative abilities.
Information technology develops self-learning abilities in the individual.
The individual is given a sense of comfort when collecting information; it is a neat, organized, non-random technique.
The individual develops a method of solving problems that cannot be solved in traditional ways because of the large amount of information.
Perception of the individual is achieved because of computers used in information technology which provides the individual with the different data and appearances that he understands through his senses.
Information technology allows the individual to be able to communicate any information he wants at any time through the Internet connection.

What are the Different Application Areas of Information Technology (IT) in the Modern World?

information technology
What are the different application areas of information technology in the modern world?

The Applications of Information Technology

Information technology (IT) is widely used in computer and telecommunications equipment to analyze, store, retrieve, transmit and manipulate data or information, typically used within the context of a business or other enterprise.

E-government: It is intended to manage transactions and public services provided to citizens in the state in electronic form, by using computers instead of using traditional methods such as paper or moving from one department to another.

E-Learning: By providing electronic content to the learner on the most accessible routes and using modern electronic media such as computers.

E-commerce: An information technology application that benefits companies through profit and access to markets on a large scale, and benefits the consumer in terms of providing services and goods, and accessibility.

E-Health: by providing specialist sites in various branches of medicine, providing medical consultations without going to the doctor's office, and providing information on various diseases.



 Jobs in Information Technology

There are many jobs posting sites that use IT as a category in their databases, which includes a wide range of jobs including architecture, management, and engineering.

People in such jobs typically have university degrees in computer science and information systems.
Too short training courses on the basics of information technology in the Internet, are useful for people who want to gain some fame in this area before working as a professional.
IT schools may work in IT departments, or lead a team ware product or a group of researchers.
If you want to succeed in this field, you need a set of technical and business skills.


Top 20  IT Career Paths: Today and Tomorrow
Check out these leading IT fields and in-demand IT jobs and see if one of them is the right fit for you.
1. Network and Computer Systems Administrators.
2. Computer and Information Systems Managers.
3. Information Security Analysts.
4. Computer Network Architects.
5. Computer user support specialists.
6. Computer technical support specialists.
7. Computer forensic investigator.
8. Computer systems engineer. 
9. Computer Systems Analysts.
10. Computer Programmers.
11. Data warehouse analyst. 
12. Cloud architect.
13. Data solutions architect.
14. Software and hardware engineer.
15. IT project manager.
16. IT consultant. 
17. Health IT specialist. 
18. Database Administrators.
19. Information technology vendor manager.
20. Mobile application and Web Developers.



Scope and extent of information technology

Film thumbnails are concerned with the reproduction of information for publication and storage known as a reproduction of recorded forms.

Computer applications used in many libraries, information centers and documentation, which rely on word processing, words, and databases.

Remote communication applications depend on the transfer of shapes and sounds.

IT Software and Hardware


 IT consists of several parts of the physical equipment: hardware, virtualization tools, automation, operating systems and applications used to perform basic functions. 
User devices, peripherals, and software, such as laptops, smartphones.
Information technology can also refer to methodologies and regulations governing the use and storage of data. 

Business applications include databases, transaction systems such as real-time order entry, e-mail servers, and web servers, CRM, and ERP systems. 
These applications implement the instructions programmed to process, integrate, scatter, or may affect other data for business purposes.

Computer servers manage business applications where servers interact with the client and other servers across one or more networks.

Storage can be defined as any type of technology that saves the information as data: Information on any form such as file data, multimedia, web data, telephone data, and data from sensors or future designs. 
Storage also includes variable RAM, non-volatile tape, hard drive, and hard disk drives. 

IT architecture has evolved to include virtualization and computing Cloud, where abbreviated physical resources, and assembled in different structures to meet the requirements of the application.


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