Quantum computing has a revolutionary effect on our understanding of
quantum systems and can be good at solving intrinsically quantum problems.

Quantum computing has the potential to spur breakthroughs in financial modeling, cybersecurity, artificial intelligence, weather forecasting, logistics optimization, computational chemistry, and drug design and development.

## What is Quantum Computing?

Quantum computing is a new computing model that follows the laws of
quantum mechanics and regulates quantum information units for computing.

Quantum computing is different from traditional computing theories. Its
operation is based on qubits. It uses unique quantum effects such as quantum
superposition and quantum entanglement for information processing, which can
greatly improve computing efficiency.

Quantum computer is any method that invests in the principles and
phenomena of quantum mechanics, such as quantum superposition and quantum
entanglement, to do data processing.

Three principles of quantum mechanics manipulate the state of qubits: superposition, interference, and entanglement.

Classical computers use 0 and 1 to store and process data. The magic of
a quantum computer is that its basic computing unit-qubits can be both 0 and 1
at the same time, which allows "superposition states" to coexist.
This gives it powerful parallel computing capabilities.

For example, if you find a word in 8 million books, the classic computer
searches locally, while the quantum computer does it for 8 million computers to
search simultaneously.

Therefore, some people say that in front of quantum computers, today's
computers are like an abacus.

The same is true for the decomposition of large numbers. Once a
scientist used 1,600 computers and spent 8 months to successfully decompose the
prime factor of a 129-digit large number. If a quantum computer is used, it may
only take a few seconds.

Quantum computers have great advantages in financial analysis, drug
research, material preparation, and other fields. However, compared with
supercomputers, what is special about quantum computers?

### What Can Quantum Computers Do?

Quantum computing has many potential applications. It has the potential to spur breakthroughs in the fields
of finance, medicine, chemistry, materials, artificial intelligence, etc., and
quantum computers are expected to be used in artificial intelligence, drug
discovery, weather forecasting, financial modeling, and efficient global
optimal search more efficiently.

Quantum computing is currently mainly used in complex large-scale data
processing and computing problems, as well as network security services based
on quantum encryption.

With the increasing demand for computing power from artificial
intelligence, quantum computing provides a fundamentally enhanced computing
power. Its core advantage is that it can perform high-speed parallel
computing.

Quantum computers can run machine learning algorithms faster and more
efficiently. And through quantum-assisted optimization, they can solve many
existing important optimization problems.

In the fields of lasers and superconductivity, people have widely used
the properties of quantum. The difference is that applications were mostly at
the macro level before, while quantum computing has to be controlled at the
micro-level.

If you use a supercomputer to plan the optimal route in real-time, the
limit is to control hundreds of cars. In the future, smart transportation will
need to calculate the travel routes of hundreds of thousands of cars at the
same time. In theory, quantum computers can do it.

This theoretical potential has been excitingly verified. The progress
has benefited from the advancement of quantum computing engineering in recent
years. At present, almost all developed countries regard quantum computing as
the commanding heights of future technology, and well-known IT companies at
home and abroad have set foot in quantum computing.

Quantum computers have great prospects, but they have a long way to go.
To develop a quantum computer, we must first have enough qubits. In theory, all
carriers with quantum effects in nature can be used as qubits. It is generally
believed that the number of qubits must reach 1 million for quantum computers
to become practical. But at the moment, the industry has not yet achieved
control of 100 qubits.

After long-term exploration, scientists have discovered that
superconductors, ion traps, ultracold atoms, and semiconductor quantum dots can
all be used to develop quantum computers. These different systems have created
different technical implementation routes for quantum computers.

Stability is an important indicator for the application of quantum computers,
which requires a long coherence time and very high fidelity.

Each system has advantages and disadvantages. The semiconductor quantum
dot route is easy to control, but the coherence time is very short; the optical
or ion trap route has a long coherence time, but the scalability is relatively
poor.

At present, most developers choose the two routes of superconductivity
and semiconductor. And the engineering and process of the two are also
advancing rapidly.

Developers hope to use advanced semiconductor and integrated circuit
technology to advance the research and development of quantum computers and
pave the way for the potential integration of quantum computers and classical
computers in the future.

#### Conclusion

Quantum computers have a broad application space in the fields of finance, medicine, chemistry, materials, artificial intelligence, etc., and are expected to be used in artificial intelligence, drug discovery, weather forecasting, financial modeling, and efficient global optimal search.

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