Sunday, January 12, 2020

Applications of Nanotechnology in Electronics and Communication Engineering

Nanotechnology in electronics offers faster, smaller and more portable systems. Nanoelectronics increases the capabilities of electronic devices, enhances the density of memory chips and reduces power consumption and the size of transistors used in integrated circuits. Nanotechnology plays a significant role in communication engineering and has a wide range of applications and can affect the telecommunications industry in several ways.



Nanotechnology in electronics and communication engineering

Applications of Nanotechnology in Electronics and Communication Engineering

What is Nanotechnology?

Nano is a very small unit of measurement. Nano is equal to one-millionth of a millimeter. It is impossible to see it with the naked eye or some simple magnifier. The nanoscale is used in atomic measurements to determine the sizes of matter particles.


Nanotechnology is a science that studies the possibility of changing matter at the nanoscale level, in order to produce new materials or advanced devices to serve human interests in various fields. Nanotechnology is also defined as the study of very small things and the study of applications in which they are used.




Applications of Nanotechnology

Nanotechnology is used in all areas of science such as chemistry, physics, biology, materials science, and engineering. The Nanotechnology Revolution contributed to creating an environment for joint work between chemists and other specialists in the fields of physics, biology, and engineering until it reached cooperation with material and industrial scientists so that scientists and specialists in every type of science could advance their science quickly. It is necessary for them to understand the requirements of other sciences in order to arrive at a mechanism for efficient cooperation between them.

Nowadays, nanochemists are working in medical organic chemistry, polymer chemistry, product synthesis, and other fields. They rely on a wide range of options for preparing and creating nanomaterials with electronic, magnetic, photochemical and chemical properties, and their mechanical system is interpretable and explainable within the infinitesimal space, e.g., nanoscale.

For example, there are so-called semiconductors in the world of microelectronics. Semiconductors are materials that combine metallic and non-metallic properties. This variation in physical and chemical behavior can be used in favor of modern science, so here nanotechnology is emerging in making these semi-conductors materials with electronic properties by ejecting the metal alloys of these semiconductors - such as the silicon element - for example, with atomically-precise nanoparticles such as phosphorus particles, for example, to form diodes and transistors. They are the chips used in the manufacture of computers, CPUs, and all electronic and electrical devices.

Nanotechnology is used in many electronic devices such as laptops, computers, cell phones, television, and digital cameras and also includes polymeric nano-films such as organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs).




Nanotechnology in Electronics (Nanoelectronics)

Nanotechnology has helped break down barriers and bypass restrictions in the field of electronics.
Nanoelectronics refers to the application of nanotechnology in electronic devices, especially transistors. Although the term nanotechnology means using technology less than 100 nanometers in size, nanoelectronics often refers to very small transistors, so quantum mechanical properties and inter-atomic interactions are required to be studied in-depth and extensively. As a result, the current transistors do not fall within the scope of that classification, although these devices are manufactured using 45 nm and 32 nm technology.
Nanoelectronics is sometimes a controversial technology because the current candidates are statistically significantly different from conventional transistors. Some nanoelectronic candidates include carbon nanotubes, silicon nanowires, hybrid molecular/semiconductor electronics or advanced molecular electronics.

Nanoelectronics offers you smaller faster, and more portable systems. It increases the capabilities of electronic devices, components, and integrated systems and enhances the density of memory chips to manage and store larger amounts of data and information.
Nanoelectronics provides magnetic nanoparticles for data storage, printable and flexible electronics and advanced display technologies with quantum computing and conductive nanomaterials.
Nanoelectronics can improve display screens on electronic devices and revolutionize a lot of electronic products, applications, and procedures and reduce their weight, power consumption and the size of transistors used in integrated circuits.





Nanotechnology in Communication Engineering

Information and communication technology (ICT) refers to advanced and innovative technologies that provide access to information through telecommunications. ICT is an important and fast-growing industrial sector with a high rate of innovation and covers any product that will store, manipulate, receive or transmit information electronically in digital form. Nanotechnology is considered an industrial revolution for the telecommunications industry and has led to tremendous changes in the telecommunications, networking and computing industries.

Nanotechnology plays a significant role in communication engineering and has a wide range of applications and can affect the telecommunications industry in several ways. Nanotechnology can revolutionize many aspects of information and communication technologies and their features.

Nanotechnology also plays an important role in telecommunications engineering and can provide effective solutions for human-machine interaction, memory enhancement program, power-efficient computing, sensing, and controlling the physical world with computers.
When one wants to interact with other human environments such as home, office, public places, he needs an effective way of communication. Electronic devices with a high degree of computation and communication technologies provide him better computing and sensing resources and an intelligent way of communication.

Nanotechnology is manufacturing many new materials and electronic devices, which have a huge range of applications. It can help produce computer chips and sensors that are significantly smaller, more energy-efficient, faster and cheaper than their current counterparts.



Conclusion:
There are many uses of nanotechnology in electronics and communication engineering. Examples include silicon nanowires, carbon nanotubes (CNT), supercapacitor (SC), actuators, computer chips, and sensors.



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