Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is severe, ongoing anxiety, and excessive fear about everyday situations that interfere with daily activities.
Symptoms of a generalized anxiety disorder include difficulty sleeping, muscle tension, difficulty concentrating, irritability, sweaty palms, rapid heartbeat, shaking, repeated stomachaches or diarrhea, fatigue, and exhaustion.
Causes of GAD may include a family history of anxiety, childhood abuse, recent or prolonged exposure to stressful situations, excessive use of caffeine or tobacco, etc.
|Symptoms and causes of generalized anxiety disorder|
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) -Symptoms, Causes, and Complications - Self Help Tips for GAD
What is Generalized Anxiety Disorder?
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is severe, persistent anxiety and excessive worry about everyday life events that interfere with daily functioning.
Anxiety usually comes as a reaction to physical stress (such as being hit by a car) or stress (such as threatening your boss to lower your salary).
For some people, they feel anxious for no particular reason.
If you continue to feel uncomfortable for at least one month and you are so worried that you are afraid all the time that something terrible is going on, without any other psychological symptoms, your problem may be generalized anxiety disorder (GAD).
When you face a dangerous or stressful situation, this stimulates your body to take action by reacting to the fight or escape.
The heart beats faster, sends more blood to the muscles, the breathing becomes heavier, and the muscles tense in preparation for movement.
The defensive system brings the body the necessary energy and strength to match the situations that threaten it. With general concern, the same physical and emotional mechanisms occur, even if there is no physical threat that we need to interact with.
Quick Facts on Generalized Anxiety Disorder
⇒It is normal to be concerned with stress and anxiety disorders from time to time. But the constant stress and anxiety that hinders you from exercising your daily life may indicate a generalized anxiety disorder.
⇒People with chronic mental illnesses have a greater risk of GAD.
⇒A generalized anxiety disorder may affect people of all ages.
⇒Generalized anxiety disorder symptoms are similar to panic attacks, obsessive-compulsive disorder and other forms of anxiety disorder.
⇒Living with this disease for a long time maybe something of a challenge.
⇒It may be accompanied by other psychological disorders.
⇒Symptoms may improve with medication and psychotherapy.
⇒Changing lifestyle, learning endurance skills and coping with illness and using relaxation techniques may help reduce the effects of GAD.
How does Generalized Anxiety Disorder Affect Your Daily Life?
It is common for you to suffer from psychological problems and other physical pains at the same time; you may suffer, for example, compulsive thoughts, eating disorder, depression or persistent pain in the stomach, back or shoulders.
You may feel dizzy and disoriented, and it is easy to cry quickly.
When you have a generalized anxiety disorder, you feel as if your disaster monitor is in a constant state of stimulation.
You feel like you do not take a break from anxiety at all, and do not enjoy absolute safety most of the time.
Once you have a disturbing mind, you need to be immediately clear. You may feel that you should avoid all the emotional stress, and you may find it difficult to live the moment.
If you have GAD, you may find it difficult to sleep, be sensitive to stress, detachment, and potentially lose control.
You may be concerned about everything from disasters near you to the global situation.
You feel that almost everything is a threat, and you may feel in dire need of safety. This constant alertness of anxiety may cause fatigue or depression syndrome.
The more you worry, the more space you have in the end to live your life as you wish.
Symptoms of Generalized Anxiety Disorder
The most common symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder may include:
⇒Panic or constant anxiety about a number of areas that is disproportionate to the impact of events
⇒Hyper-thinking plans and solutions have all the predictable consequences
⇒Considering situations and events as a threat, even if they are not true
⇒Difficulty dealing with doubt
⇒The low frequency of mind and fear of making the wrong decisions
⇒The inability to distract your fears or give up your concern
⇒The inability to relax, feeling restless or feeling nervous
⇒Difficulty concentrating or feeling like your mind is empty
Physical signs and symptoms include:
- Fatigue and Irritability
- Difficulty sleeping
- Muscle tension or muscle aches
- Trembling, feeling drowsy
- Neurosis or sweating
- Nausea, diarrhea or irritable bowel syndrome
Sometimes your anxiety may not bother you completely, but you may still worry for no apparent reason.
For example, you may be concerned about your safety or the safety of your loved ones or you may have a general feeling that something bad is about to happen.
Your anxiety, panic, or physical symptoms may cause you to distress in social, practical or other areas of your life.
Concerns can turn from worry and can change over time and age.
Causes of Generalized Anxiety Disorder
There is no specific reason for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD).
With many mental health conditions, the cause of generalized anxiety disorder probably arises from a complex interaction with a number of biological and environmental factors, which may include:
- Differences in brain chemistry and function
- Inequalities in means of considering threats
- Growth and personality
There are many factors that make one person or another more susceptible to psychological anxiety disorders than others. The following factors may increase the risk of a generalized anxiety disorder (GAD):
Personality Factors: A person with a shy or negative temperament or who avoids doing anything dangerous may be more likely to develop a generalized anxiety disorder than others.
Stressful events in susceptible people: The initial appearance of a generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) often adheres to a highly stressful event, such as being a victim of a crime, loss of an important relationship, loss of a loved one, and loss of a job.
Depression: Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) has a very strong connection with depression, especially chronic mild depression or major depression.
Adolescents with depression are particularly at high risk of developing a generalized anxiety disorder in adulthood.
Sex: Women are diagnosed with generalized anxiety disorder somewhat more than men.
Reasons for this include cultural expectations, hormonal factors, and more willingness and desire to go to the doctor and talk about their concerns.
Genetic factors: Generalized anxiety disorder may be inherited among family members. Approximately one-fourth of the first-degree relatives can be affected by this problem.
Family history: Anxiety disorders are somewhat related to family history.
This can be due to family dynamics, such as overprotective behaviors, the history of violence, and abuse in the family and the failure to learn effective coping skills.
History of self-harm: People with a generalized anxiety disorder may have a history of major life changes or negative or painful experiences during childhood or may have experienced a recent painful or negative event.
Chronic health or other mental health disorders may increase risks.
Cultural factors: Since the 1950s there has been a significant increase in the rate of anxiety disorders among children and adolescents.
Studies have suggested that anxiety is somewhat related to the lack of social relations and a feeling of increased environmental risk and cultural threat.
Socioeconomic and ethnic factors: The members of poor minorities, especially the immigrants, are more at risk for developing generalized anxiety disorder (GAD).
This can be due to the feelings of inferiority, separation, the problems of adjusting a new culture, and loss of strong family relationships.
Substance abuse: Smoking, alcohol consumption, and drug misuse may increase the risk of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD).
Complications of Generalized Anxiety Disorder
A generalized anxiety disorder may cause disability and it can:
⇒Hinder your ability to perform tasks quickly and efficiently because of the difficulty you find in concentration
⇒Take excess time and focus from other activities
⇒Relieve your energy
⇒Increases your risk of depression
Generalized anxiety disorder can also cause or worsen other physical conditions, such as:
→Digestive or bowel problems, such as irritable bowel syndrome or ulcers
→Headaches and migraines
→Chronic pain and disease
→Sleep problems and insomnia
→Heart health problems
Often, generalized anxiety disorder and other mental health problems can make diagnosis and treatment difficult task. Some mental health disorders that commonly occur with a generalized anxiety disorder include:
- Various types of phobia
- Panic disorder
- Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
- Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
- Suicide or suicidal thoughts
- Substance abuse
When should you ask for help?
If you become more anxious and get stuck in your daily life and restrict your life, you should ask for help, and you should ask for help when you treat yourself with alcohol or sedatives so you can deal with everyday situations.
If you are experiencing this situation, please feel free to ask for help.
There are many things you can do to improve your condition, and the first step is to ask for care.
What help can you receive?
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) can be improved by treatment.
There are many different treatments, such as speech therapy and pharmacotherapy. This treatment is based on the fact that you learn to deal with anxiety so that it does not affect or limit your life.
If you had previously asked for care in vain, do not give up and ask for help again.
Research has shown that the form of therapy is not decisive in its usefulness; it is the method that one has to deal with is critical.
Self Help Tips for Generalized Anxiety Disorder
There is no way to predict with certainty what makes anyone infected with generalized anxiety disorder, but you can take steps to reduce the effect of symptoms if you are concerned:
Ask for help early: With many other mental health conditions, anxiety may be difficult to treat whenever we are late in treatment.
Keep a note: Tracking your personal life can help you and your mental health professional identify the causes of stress and things that seem to improve your condition.
Describe the problems you face in your life according to their priority: You can reduce anxiety by managing your time and energy carefully.
Avoid using unhealthy substances: Alcohol consumption, drug use, even nicotine or caffeine can cause or exacerbate anxiety.
If you are addicted to any of these substances, this may cause anxiety.
If you cannot live better with your situations, visit your doctor immediately or find a treatment program or support group to help you.