Sunday, June 20, 2021

How to Make a Super Strong Electromagnet at Home?

Making an electromagnet at home is very simple since you will only need a battery, a nail, wire, and electrical tape. Let's see step by step guide to making an electromagnet at home.

making an Electromagnet
A super-strong electromagnet

How to Make an Electromagnet at Home Step by Step

An electromagnet is a type of magnet that generates a temporary magnetic field by electric current and attracts magnetic objects. 

The electromagnet is built with a coil and an iron core and is often found in motors and generators, speakers, or magnetic locks, among many other uses.

The Danish physicist and chemist, Hans Christian Oersted, was the one who coined the term electromagnetism in 1820 to refer to the ability of a wire containing electrical current to produce a magnetic field.

The difference between the electromagnet and an ordinary magnet (permanent magnet) is that the magnetic field that the electromagnet creates is temporary: it only works if there is a constant flow of electrons. In addition, it needs an electric current to work, while a permanent magnet is made of a magnetic material that can be magnetized easily and can create its own magnetic field.


What Do You Need to Make an Electromagnet?

Making an electromagnet at home is very simple. To make a super-strong electromagnet, you will need the following materials: 

  • A static stack.
  • Thin-coated copper wire.
  • A large iron nail (approximately 3 inches in length)
  • Dry cell batteries.
  • Electrical tape (or insulating tape).
  • Iron filings, paper clips, or other small magnetic objects.


How to Make an Electromagnet: Step by Step

To make a super-strong electromagnet at home, follow these steps:

1. Wrap the wire around the nail leaving a few inches free from the start of the screw and a few more at the end as well. Be careful when winding so that the wire is as taut as possible and does not overlap.

2. Tape the two ends together so the wire doesn't unravel from the screw.

3. Connect the wire to the ends of the pile. To do this, slightly remove the cover from the wire and connect one end to the positive terminal of the battery and the other to the negative terminal.

4. Cover each terminal of the battery with electrical tape to keep the wire in place.


Now that you have your electromagnet built, you can start testing it. First, bring the tip of the screw close to any clips or magnets you have on hand to see how they attract. 

You can experiment with lower or higher voltage batteries and smaller or larger magnetic objects to observe the strength of the electromagnet.

Always act with care and responsibility and keep in mind that the wire will take a temperature. When it is too high to continue using it, disconnect it from the battery.

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