Thursday, February 14, 2019

Psychological disorder: Symptoms, Causes, and Complications |Prevention of Mental Disorders

Psychological disorder
Psychological disorder, symptoms, causes of mental disorders

Psychological disorder: Symptoms, Causes, and Complications | Prevention of Mental Disorders 


Psychological disorder or mental illness refers to a wide range of mental health problems that affect your mood, thinking, and behavior. Examples of psychological disorder include depression, anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, eating disorders, addictive behaviors, etc.

What are psychological disorders?

Psychological disorder is a mental or behavioral pattern that results from a feeling of distress or disability that affects the individual and is not part of the normal growth of mental skills or culture. Methods of understanding mental health situations have changed over time and across cultures, there are still differences in the classification, definition, and evaluation of mental disorders. Even though guidance standards are widely accepted in the world.

At present, mental disorders are portrayed as disturbances in brain neurons that are likely to result from the evolutionary processes posed by the complex interaction between genetic factors and life experiences. In other words, genes inherited from mental or psychological illness may be responsible for brain growth, which are likely to have different consequences, depending on the biological and environmental factors.

Many people have mental health concerns from time to time. But mental health concerns become a psychological illness when persistent signs and symptoms cause constant tension and affect your ability to perform your functions.

Psychiatric illness or psychological disorder can cause you unhappiness and can cause you problems in your daily life, for example in school, work, or in your relationships. In most cases, symptoms can be controlled using a combination of medications and several therapies.

Symptoms of the psychological disorder

Signs and symptoms of mental illness may vary, depending on the disorder, conditions and other factors. Symptoms of mental illness may affect feelings, thoughts, and behaviors.
Examples of signs and symptoms include the following:
  • Feeling sad or depressed
  • Confused thinking or low concentration ability
  • Overconfidence or fear, or excessive feeling of guilt
  • Mood fluctuates excessively
  • Isolation from friends and activities
  • Feeling a great deal of fatigue, low energy or sleep problems
  • Separation from reality (delusions), paranoia or hallucinations
  • The inability to overcome everyday problems and pressures
  • Difficulty in understanding and dealing with situations and individuals
  • Alcoholism or drugs
  • Major changes in dietary habits
  • Changes in sex drive
  • Extreme anger, aggression or violence
  • Suicidal thoughts

Sometimes symptoms of mental health disorder are manifested as physical problems, such as stomach pain, back pain, headache, or other unexplained pain and aches.

Causes of psychological disorder

In general, mental illness is thought to be caused by a variety of genetic and environmental factors:

Inherited traits
Psychiatric illness is more common among people whose blood relatives suffer from mental illness as well. Some genes may increase the risk of mental illness; their life situations may also motivate it.

Environmental exposures during pregnancy
Sometimes, exposure to environmental stresses, infections, toxins, alcohol or drugs in the womb can be associated with psychological illness.

Brain chemistry
Neurotransmitters lead to the appearance of chemicals in the brain, which carries signals to the rest of the body and the brain, in a physiological manner. When the neural network that includes those chemicals is weak, the function of neurotransmitters and neurons changes, leading to depression.

Risk factors

There are some factors that may increase the risk of mental health problems, including:

  • Injury to close relatives, such as parents or siblings
  • Exposure to life situations poses severe psychological stress, such as financial problems
  • The death of a loved one, or divorce
  • The chronic condition, such as diabetes
  • Brain damage due to serious injury (traumatic brain injury), such as severe head injury
  • Exposure to traumatic experiences, such as military battles or assaults
  • Alcoholic or recreational drugs
  • Exposure to abuse or neglect during your childhood
  • Having a few friends or bad health relationships
  • Prevalence of mental illness

Mental illness is widespread. in the world. About 1 to 5 adults suffer from mental illness in any given year. Mental illness can start at any age, from childhood to late puberty, but most start early.
The effects of mental illness can be temporary or long-lasting. You can also have more than one mental health disorder at the same time. For example, you may have depression and substance abuse disorder.

Complications of mental disorder

Mental illness is the leading cause of disability and untreated mental illness can cause acute emotional, behavioral and physical health problems. Complications that are sometimes associated with mental illness include:

  • Feeling unhappy and lacking in life
  • Family disputes
  • Complexities of relationships
  • Social isolation
  • Problems of tobacco addiction, alcohol, and other drugs
  • Failure to work, school, or other problems associated with work or school
  • Legal and financial problems
  • Displacement and poverty
  • Harmful or self-inflicted, including suicide or murder
  • The weak immune system, so your body finds it difficult to resist inflammation
  • Heart disease and any other medical conditions

When to visit a doctor

If you have any signs or symptoms, visit your primary care provider or mental health professional. Most cases of mental illness do not improve on their own, and if untreated, mental illness may worsen over time and cause serious problems.

If you have suicidal thoughts

Suicidal thoughts and behaviors are common symptoms associated with some mental illness. If you believe that you may harm yourself or have the idea of suicide, please feel free to get help immediately by:
  • Call your local emergency number immediately.
  • Contact a mental health professional.
  • Contact the suicide prevention hotline
  • Ask for help from your primary care provider or another health care provider.
  • Talk to a close friend or one of your loved ones.
  • Communicate with a priest, spiritual leader, or someone else in your religious community.
Suicidal thoughts do not go on their own, for this, you must get proper help immediately.

Help one of your loved ones

If one of your loved ones shows signs of mental illness, have an open and honest discussion about your fears. You may not be able to force someone to seek specialized care, but you can give them encouragement and support. You can also help one of your loved ones reach a qualified mental health care provider and schedule an appointment. You may go with him to the appointment.
If someone in your family has hurt himself or is thinking of doing so, take quickly the person to the hospital or call for emergency help.

Prevention of Mental Disorders 

There is no proven way to prevent mental illness. However, if you have a mental illness, take steps to control stress, increase resilience and promote self-esteem as this may help control symptoms.
Follow these steps for the prevention of psychological disorders:

Be aware of warning signs
Work with your doctor or therapist to see what triggers your symptoms. Make a plan so that you are ready for what to do if symptoms reappear. Contact your doctor or therapist if you notice any changes in your symptoms or your feeling. See Engaging family members or friends to monitor warning signs.

Get regular medical care
Do not neglect checks or ignore visits to your healthcare provider, especially if you do not feel well. May experience a new health problem and require treatment, or may suffer side effects of the drug.
Get help when you need it. Mental health problems can become more difficult to tackle if you wait until your symptoms worsen. Long-term preventive therapy may also help prevent relapse.

Take good care of yourself
 Sleeping for a good time, healthy eating and regular physical activity are important. Try to keep a regular schedule. Talk to your health care provider if you have problems sleeping or if you have questions about diet and physical activity.

General advice for the prevention of mental illness 

If you have anxiety, depression or suicide thoughts, you should tell someone close to you if you are afraid to go to a doctor. Do not let these thoughts dominate you.

- Be sure of the side effects of each medication that can affect the chemistry of the body and mind, especially may arise some mental and psychological diseases.

- Some mental diseases transmitted by heredity If one in your family has a psychiatric illness, consult a psychiatrist and the necessary tests.

- There is no defect in the incidence of a disease and therefore there is no shyness in the incidence of mental illness.

- All humans have a period of sadness, but it becomes a problem if it lasts for a long time, in this situation, you should call for help and if possible, you should know the reason and treatment.


By: Mahtab Alam Quddusi

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