Concerns about climate change and the role of fossil fuel use

climate change
Fossil fuels and climate change

Concerns about climate change and the role of fossil fuel use

what is climate change?

Climate change is the change in the statistical characteristics of the climate system, which has been going on for at least 30 decades. This change includes a variation in the weather and the nature of the oceans, land surfaces, and ice sheets.

Fossil fuels: History of usage

Fossil fuels are defined as a group of hydrocarbon-containing substances of biological origin that are formed within the earth's crust and can be used as sources of energy. Fossil fuels include coal, petroleum, oil shale, tar sands, oils, heavy metal, and bitumens, all of which contain carbon, and all fossil fuels can be burned into the air or oxygen derived from the air to provide heat,  this heat is used in household ovens, or to produce the steam used to drive the generator. It is worth mentioning that fossil fuels are available in three situations: coal, petroleum gas and natural gas. Fuel refining requires the use of certain gases, such as propane, butane, and methanol.
The history of fossil fuels began at the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, as it was a major source of energy, and industrialization began in England in the late 18th century. During this period, coal was used as fuel. In the latter half of the 19th-century fossil fuels became the fuel used in the process of industrialization. In the United States of America and other industrialized countries, coal remains a major source of energy for several years. Then, in the second half of the 20th century, oil and natural gas became the main sources of energy.

The risks of fossil fuels on the environment

Since the late 20th century and the beginning of the twenty-first century, the world has been witnessing the aggravation of global environmental challenges, most notably the phenomena of global warming, climate change, loss of ecological diversity and the scarcity of natural and other resources. In this context, the various reports gather on the role of traditional energy sources in these dangerous indicators, which predict the worst if there is no structural action to change the energy trend, especially in developing countries.

Energy systems in most economies are largely dependent on the combustion of fossil fuels. During the combustion process, carbon and hydrogen elements in fossil fuels are converted mainly to carbon dioxide and H2O, which is accompanied by the conversion of chemical energy in the fuel to heat. This generated heat is generally used directly or in the production of mechanical energy with some loss during transformation, which is usually used for electricity generation or transportation.

The negative impact of fossil fuels on the environment, including air pollution, water pollution, climate change and the erosion of the ozone layer, is a multifaceted picture

The energy sector is often the most important sector in greenhouse gas emissions inventories and accounts for more than 90 percent of CO2 emissions and 75 percent of total greenhouse gas emissions in developed countries. CO2 also accounts for 95 percent of energy sector emissions, while methane and nitrous oxide (N 2 O) work to balance. Fixed combustion typically accounts for about 70 percent of greenhouse gas emissions from the energy sector. About half of these emissions come from the combustion process in energy-related industries, particularly from power plants and refineries. While mobile combustion causes land transport and other means of transportation in about a quarter of the energy sector's emissions.

Multiple images of the negative impact of fossil fuels on the environment, including air pollution, water pollution, climate change, ozone layer erosion. But before we go into detail, we need to define the environment, but the definitions of the environment are one of these definitions, which could be closer to the subject of research, namely that the environment is the framework in which man lives with other organisms, including the components Physical, chemical, biological, social, cultural, economic and political, from which man obtains the elements of his life. The movement of the human element in using available resources is aimed at satisfying its evolving and infinite human needs.


The human use of the environment in the context of the previous definition of energy has created many of the above-mentioned pollution images. The industries that rely on fossil fuels such as coal, oil, natural gas, as the main source of energy from the largest sources of air pollutants, starting from when burning very large amounts of gases and particles that work through the accumulation in the atmosphere to change the spoilage of air composition, A disruption of its ecosystem that causes the air to be a source of many risks and damage that are threatening all forms of life on Earth, as a result of the multiple types of gases and impurities that rise to the air as a result of burning fuel in factories.

The systematic use of fossil fuels is essential to save the climate 

Professor Jeffrey Sachs from Columbia University, who works as a consultant on the continuous development of United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, addressing a conference in the Cyprus capital on climate change challenges facing the Mediterranean countries and the Middle East, said Looking for the world to understand the hydrocarbon reserve in ways to use and utilize the world's energy Than Itik leaders "is much faster, requiring more dramatically change". Because climate change is putting the agriculture sector in "serious danger" by bringing desertification, drought, crop failure, and increasing sea levels.

Sachs also said, "It is a barrier to conflict, massive migration, or all those things which we can not handle easily." So if we want to go into zero emissions then we will get a better idea of moving away from better fossil fuels, Shell Oil Company thinks we can do it. The best way is to establish an interconnected power grid, where emission-free electricity can be transmitted from renewable energy sources in one area. Because it works well for the past 8,000 years and we are wasting it in this generation, and that's crazy. "


While opposing the exploitation of the Eastern Mediterranean gas deposits, Sachs honored China as the current world leader in the Energy Interaction Project and urged Europe to prepare similar plans. They urged countries moving forward with such projects to take steps and to prevent carbon emissions while preparing their economies for carbon-free power generation to set fire to everything from cars, ships, and factories.


For example, an embedded grid enables North African and Middle Eastern countries to use their own substantial solar power capacity to transmit electricity generated in cold and low-sunny northern Europe. At the end of the speech, Sachs said that the Mediterranean countries can work together to prepare proposals for reducing those challenges and deposit them in a high-level UN Climate Summit set.


Journal References

Fossil Fuels Fact Sheet", www.internal.clarkson.edu/,page:1. Retrieved 24-4-2018. Edited.Otto C. Kopp, "Fossil fuel"، www.britannica.com, Retrieved 24-4-2018. Edited. Science Direct - Fuel Processing Technology- Volume 71, Issues 1–3, June 2001, Pages 99-119  doi.org/10.1016/S0378-3820(01)00139-4

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Concerns about climate change and the role of fossil fuel use Concerns about climate change and the role of fossil fuel use Reviewed by The Scientific World on May 21, 2018 Rating: 5

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