Scientist Developed 3-D Scanner for Insects

3D Scanner
3D Scanner for insects

Scientist Developed 3-D Scanner for Insects


Introduction
Insects are a variety of vertebrate animals in the Division of Arthropods, the most widespread and most widespread classification in the Division of Arthropods. Insects form the most diverse group of living organisms on earth. They contain more than one million species described - more than half of all living organisms. The number of unclassified species is estimated to be around 30 million, or more than 90% of all life forms. Earth. Insects exist in almost all environments, but only a small number have been used to live in the aquatic environment, the type of housing controlled by another range of arthropods, crustaceans.
There are many tools and scanners to recognize insects and their family, one of them is a 3D scanner, here we have discussed new development regarding 3D scanner.
The earliest known fossils are from an insect found in sediments dating to the Devonian age. The fossils reached 396 million years ago,  after the Scottish village of Rainey, which was found nearby; By the Latin name "Rhyniognatha hirsti". This species of insects had a two-section falcon, a phenomenon that appears in winged insects. It is assumed that the wings of the insects had evolved and appeared at that time. This means that the winged insects appeared earlier, probably in the Silurian era. 


Shared development

Insects were one of the first terrestrial grasses to be found on the plant, and this has played a role in the qualitative evolution of some species. The plants have developed some chemical defense methods to protect themselves from insects. In turn, insects developed certain mechanisms so as not to be affected by plant toxins. Many insects use these toxins to protect themselves from predators. Such insects declare their poison by warning colors. Plants protect themselves in a different way as they evolved to resemble flower leaves, trees or even twigs to protect themselves from predators. This technique is known as "imitation" or "imitation". This relationship between plants and insects has led to the development of multiple and intricately complex species. Some relationships between plants and insects are beneficial for both parties (such as pollination where the plant is fertilized and the insect absorbs enough food), and the co-evolution has led to the emergence of some very special reciprocal couplings in such a relationship.

Scientists of Darmstadt University of Applied Sciences and TU Darmstadt jointly developed a novel scanner, which digitizes protected worms in high resolution and protected insects.

The scanner should make an important contribution to the digital document of biodiversity. Because protected insects in the collection are also in danger. The documentation and understanding of the local and global diversity of insects is thus a particularly immediate concern. There has been a tremendous lack of insects in the past decades: Some of the country's protected areas have lost 75 percent of their insect biomass. Due to natural decay and insects like the Museum Beetle, they are threatened to lose gradually.


More than one million different species are stored in natural history museums - a large number. Digitization is not possible for them to be preserved for the future, but it is also possible to reach online worldwide.

An ecologist Michael Heethoff explained, "Although there are already many photographic documents of pest collections, the reduction in bi-dimensional images of three-dimensional animals is extremely unsatisfactory." Single images make it impossible to see all important characters, and some Spatial relationships of character cannot be displayed. "


That's why a 3-D insect scanner was needed. Here, Bernhard Strobel of the Department of Mathematics and Natural Sciences of Darmstadt University of Applied Sciences came into play with his many year's experiences in the field of optical 3-D measurements.

It took four years for the combined development of "DISC 3D" (Darmstead insect scanner 3-D) device. In TU Darmstadt, the group examines the effects of land use and climate change on the communities of "ecological networks" species and the characteristics and characteristics of insects and articulates.


Bernhard Ströbel said that “In order to allow imaging from all directions, the insect is rotated by stepper motors at regular intervals around two axes. As a result, there are approximately 400,000 digital single images, which meet 400 different local directions.

These 400 images produce three-dimensional models for which the photographic surface of insects is applied digitally. The results are correct for colors, 3-D models of animals have been scaled, which can be seen, rotated, zoomed, and curated in museums. "The scanner can make images of most sizes in its current configuration, the size of a cock chief of animals with two millimeters small flies


The model can be enhanced and printed with a 3-D printer, which is also interested in museum education for example. "

Although the device currently uses commercial software, it is in principle designed as an open project that interested parties can be realized by themselves. Some museums and research institutes have already expressed interest in the scanner and started making reproductions.


Developers are expecting many simulators, including private individuals, to achieve the goal of digitizing large-scale pest collection in museums. On request, the interested parties are provided the construction plan of the device, and hopefully due to participation in further development.


Jouranal Preference:
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Via: Phys.org


Scientist Developed 3-D Scanner for Insects Scientist Developed 3-D Scanner for Insects Reviewed by The Scientific World on May 22, 2018 Rating: 5

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