Thursday, November 14, 2019

How is Artificial Intelligence Used in Healthcare?


Artificial intelligence in healthcare is the use of software engineering and complex algorithms in intelligent systems to infer human cognition in complicated medical data analysis.  Artificial intelligence has developed rapidly in terms of what humans can do, but more quickly, more efficiently, and at a lower cost. The potential of both artificial intelligence and robotics in healthcare is enormous. In our daily lives, AI technologies and robots are increasingly becoming part of our healthcare ecosystem.


Artificial intelligence in healthcare
How is artificial intelligence used in healthcare?

How Artificial Intelligence can Revolutionise Healthcare


What is Artificial Intelligence (AI)?

Artificial Intelligence (AI) refers to the study of Intelligent Agents, the devices capable of sensing and sensing the surrounding environment and responding to changes in that environment, in a way that increases the chances of success in performing its tasks. In colloquial terms, the term artificial intelligence, when mimicking or identifying a machine, uses the mental functions associated with the human mind, such as learning, problem-solving, and decision-making. There are many different sectors that are witnessing a continuous increase in the use of industrial intelligence applications, such as health care systems and hospitals, financial transactions, and banking functions, education, research and studies, media, news and publishing industry, telecommunications networks, transport and communications, heavy industries, marketing and sales, customer service, and even music production and other forms of entertainment industries.

How Artificial Intelligence Is Used in Healthcare?

The healthcare sector is one of the areas where AI has penetrated significantly, with expectations rising that its impact will increase in a way that will change the characteristics of this sector in the near future. Considering that the field of health care is one of the important sectors where industrial intelligence if properly implemented, can revolutionize its various aspects.  Artificial intelligence can have a clear and profound impact on the various aspects of this vital and important sector, by providing medical care to patients at a distinguished level in terms of diagnosis and treatment. By facilitating medical research and studies based on the latest scientific methods and evidence, activating the most efficient practices, and applying the most effective and least expensive systems.
When it comes to health care systems, artificial intelligence can be applied in all health facilities and areas, such as hospitals, public health issues, and research, diagnostic methods and criteria, as well as developing and discovering modern medications and drugs, improving lifestyle and personal behavior, and managing chronic diseases and conditions.




Benefits of Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare

The application of artificial intelligence in the health care sector carries many benefits, which is reflected in helping to diagnose and treat diseases and health problems, based on the latest research and scientific studies. We live much longer than previous generations, and as we near the end of life, we die differently and slower, from conditions like dementia, heart failure, and osteoporosis. It is also a stage of life that often affects loneliness. In addition to surgery, AI is used in hospitals and laboratories for repetitive tasks, rehabilitation, physiotherapy, and support for people with long-term medical conditions.

Robots have the potential to revolutionize end-of-life care, help people stay independent longer, and reduce the need for hospitals and nursing homes. Artificial intelligence, as well as advances in the design of human-like robots, can go further. They can carry out “conversations” and other social interactions with people to keep old minds sharp. Drawing a clear and specific approach to patient care would reduce medical errors. Smart applications can also provide stable care for patients while in their homes, reducing the demand for health services within hospitals, and directing available resources to care for critically ill patients. 
The availability of a unified medical file system, common to all health care institutions, provides stable medical care for each patient according to his/her health conditions. AI systems can optimize the use of physician time by using modern technologies, such as voice recognition technology. AI can also help manage chronic cases remotely and provide health care for these patients while they are at home, by observing and monitoring the symptoms and signs of their disease, reminding them of doses and appointments of their medications, and directing them to visit the attending physician if necessary.

Aside from examining health records, AI can help caregivers identify individuals with chronic illnesses who may be at risk of an adverse episode. AI can help doctors take a more comprehensive approach to disease management, better coordinate care plans and help patients better manage and comply with long-term treatment programs. Several companies have used robots in medicine for over 30 years that range from simple laboratory robots to very complex surgical robots that can either assist a human surgeon or perform the operations themselves.




Impact of Artificial Intelligence on Scientific Research and Clinician Training

In terms of scientific research, AI-based systems can also detect and identify recurring patterns by analyzing the vast amount of information contained in large health databases and thus using these results to improve the quality of health care provided to patients. These results can also facilitate medical studies and research, taking into account the specific social and health conditions of community members when applying the results of these studies. AI systems also speed up and facilitate research projects significantly, so that they are completed within months or weeks rather than years. These benefits from the use of artificial intelligence in research and studies can reduce the costs and material costs associated with conducting local studies.

Artificial intelligence allows those who undergo training to run natural simulations in a way that simple computer-based algorithms cannot. The emergence of natural speech and the ability of an AI-powered computer to instantly draw on a large database of scenarios is a big revolution. This means that answering questions, decisions, and advice from the trainee can be challenged in a way that one cannot do. The training program can learn from previous responses from the trainee, meaning that challenges can be constantly adjusted to meet their learning needs. Training can be done anywhere, with the power of artificial intelligence built into your smartphone. Now, a quick compensatory cycle after a difficult condition in the clinic will be possible.

Conclusion
AI-based systems can use advanced and modern technologies to monitor health care sectors without human assistance. This will replace the medical staff. Cybersecurity and maintaining confidentiality and privacy are among the most important challenges facing the implementation of artificial intelligence in the healthcare sector. This latter challenge can be met through the establishment of an information and confidentiality security policy and the establishment of ethical controls, which are strictly enforced for all users in all health facilities.



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