What is Biotechnology - How it is About to Change Our Lives?

Biotechnology
How Biotechnology is about to change our lives?-Image Credit: Idaho National Laboratory via Flickr. If you want to know more about INL's research projects and career opportunities, visit the facebook page.

 What is Biotechnology - How it is About to Change Our Lives?


Biotechnology is a wide range of modern technologies that use vital organs, cells or parts of them to produce products, such as pharmaceuticals, food compounds, environmentally friendly chemicals, and biofuels.
On a larger scale, biotechnology can be used in the medical, agricultural and industrial fields and all play an important role in everyday life. Biotechnology can also be used to get rid of unhealthy chemicals and toxic and harmful substances to help solve environmental problems.


What is Biotechnology?


Biotechnology is the industrial information application of technologies developed or used in biological sciences, especially those related to genetic engineering. Experts agree that the world is on the verge of a revolution in this area. Developments in biotechnology have enormous potential for the welfare and well-being of humanity. For example, through the production of vaccines for diseases that have not been treated before, increased food production, prevention of many genetic diseases and malformations. The biotechnology revolution, along with its benefits, holds enormous potential for abuse as well. 

Biotechnology can also be defined as the process of changing a very small part of the genetic map of one or more plant or animal cells, often with the help of part of the genetic material derived from a microbial. This genetic change is aimed at increasing agricultural production such as maize and soybeans or producing seeds of genetically modified plants to resist the impact of insects, diseases and drought that affect potatoes, tomatoes, tobacco, cotton and others, and is currently developing hereditary types of cows and goats to produce milk with special nutritional specifications containing many of useful proteins that can be used to resist a number of diseases or provide many types of amino acids necessary for human health.

Modern biotechnologies are based on the study of the genetic material of living organisms and their utilization by extracting and modifying them and then producing newly extracted materials, which is known as genetic engineering. Biotechnology also includes the science of cells and tissues and it works as receptacles containing genetic material, Monoclonal antibodies are also involved and are instrumental in detecting and determining the efficiency of extracellular products.

What are some potential risks and benefits of biotechnology?


Like all kinds of technology, biochemistry has the potential to provide significant benefits but has potential risks. International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) criticizes some aspects of the use of biotechnology. History has shown that many important developments in science and technology have been turned into hostile uses, not just chemistry, aviation, electronics and nuclear physics. The results of the biotechnology revolution have enabled the development and use of biological weapons in armed conflicts or as a means of spreading terror among civilians. The spread of the disease may become deliberate, and the ability to change body functions without knowing the individual.

International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) said on its Web site that known biological warfare agents could be manipulated to make them easier to use. This is done by manipulating the genetic makeup of existing biological warfare agents such as anthrax, in order to increase their potential for use as a biological weapon. For example, it can be made resistant to antibiotics and environmental factors such as drought and ultraviolet radiation that make them harmless in normal circumstances. Non-harmful microbes can also be transformed into dangerous microbes after manipulating the partially engineered organisms that we live with daily to produce special toxins that cause the disease. This science can be defined as "the technical use of organisms at the cellular and molecular level to obtain useful products". 

Biotechnology Like any new technology, no specific risk can be predicted to be used.
For example, synthetic biology already contributes to the development of many biological systems producing medicines, chemicals, and fuels, without the use of fossil sources. However, if misused, it can produce biological and chemical substances that harm humans and the environment.
Modification of the genome, especially when applied to humans, raises many ethical questions and applies also to biofuels, monitoring, and diagnosis based on information and communication technology, and others.

Biotechnology can help address and solve many global problems, such as climate change, food security, and infectious diseases, among others. It has helped improve food quality and processing and manufacturing, where simple proteins and cells could be manipulated to produce chemicals. Biotechnology is also used to create more efficient fuels, cure infectious diseases, and increase farming yields to feed more people.

It is hoped that the World Future Council will establish a global dialogue on global biotechnology institutions to map out ways of addressing global challenges using that technology, with a view to obtaining accurate data from experts and the public on the employment of biotechnology.
All these risks and challenges need to be addressed through dialogue among stakeholders, policymakers, experts, non-governmental organizations and the public to map out and find solutions to risks.

biotechnology
How biotechnology is about to change our lives?



What can be done to develop biotechnology?

It is important to pursue research efforts in the presence of anonymous information about living organisms. Detailed research is needed on cells, multiple cells, tissues, organs, organisms, and even organic organisms. These steps will eventually lead to faster development of biotechnology applications. There must be a set of rules that ensure safety and security, as well as obstacles to development, and the only way to establish these rules is through dialogue among stakeholders.

What are the major trends in biotechnology today?

There are many current trends including genome modification of living organisms, including microorganisms, plants, and animals. These developments open up many potential applications, such as promoting the production of biochemicals, increasing food production and maintaining better value for food.
There are a number of developments in other areas such as metabolic engineering and synthetic biology, which help to produce many chemicals and fuels rather than relying on fossils.
In addition to the amazing developments in healthcare and the medical sector, including stem cell therapy, and many other things that help to address health problems.

Where will biotechnology be in 2030?

Biotechnology will become commonplace such as mobile phones and the Internet.
There will be a larger number of biotech companies, along with an increasing number of specialized companies. The use of this technology will spread in small villages and even in homes. It will also be possible to recycle the waste using biotechnology rather than discarding it.
It can also help solve major national problems such as health care. Healthcare costs around $ 8 trillion worldwide, which is very high, but biotechnology can reduce this cost by finding effective prevention methods for different diseases and producing organs in the human body and cells.
By 2030, biotechnology will become part of human life and will be used in all areas of medicines and drugs for environmentally friendly chemicals and fuel production.
What is Biotechnology - How it is About to Change Our Lives?  What is Biotechnology - How it is About to Change Our Lives? Reviewed by The Scientific World on March 09, 2019 Rating: 5

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