Friday, January 4, 2019

The Future of Today - How will Climate Change Impact Human Beings life in the future?

Climate change
Impact of climate change on human life

The Future of Today - How will Climate Change Impact Human Beings life in the future?


Our planet is currently experiencing real effects from climate change, but it is subject to certain changes in various areas of work and the skills we will need to deal with those changes.
Over the past few years, the proliferation of large amounts of gases, especially carbon dioxide, has trapped temperatures in the lower atmosphere of the Earth's atmosphere, which has caused a significant rise in temperatures, increasing the threats to human health and increasing the risk of human life generally on the ground. It is expected to worsen in the future. Global warming has caused more than 150,000 deaths. Children and the elderly in developing and poor cities and arid desert areas are the most affected by the risks of climate change that will be the subject of this article.

Impact of human activities on climate change


When we think about climate change, most of us think of environmental consequences only, such as rising sea levels, rising temperatures, melting glaciers. Elsewhere in the world, such as in South Florida or the mountains of Switzerland, these transformations already affect people's daily lives.
For example, in Miami, water treatment plants are being renovated at the highest level, as are wave hurdles, and parking is now built with a possible increase in sea level along with the entrance of the flood.
But experts say these effects are just the tip of an iceberg. Climate change affects everything around us, from the banking sector to health institutions.
As a result, the planning officers in the local city councils do not have to face the risk of changing their structure for future plans. Financial policy makers, farmers, civil engineers, doctors, and many other businesses and jobs are also likely to be affected by climate change. This means that there may be other consequences of climate change, which we often overlook.

Everyone will have to understand climate change in the same way that everyone in business knows how to use social media today. Because it is difficult to know how serious the effects of climate change are, it is also difficult to know how much impact on many actions and areas. But there are changes we can already see. Climate-related disasters such as drought and hurricanes, for example, have a major impact on the future of economic interests and insurance companies, who pay millions to damage people and their property.

At the same time, a complex global retail system may also be affected, which means that somewhere in the world, a disturbance can definitely affect other places. It was displayed in Japan in April 2016 after the earthquake, which destroyed many factories related to the famous Toyota Motor Company, which prompted the company to suspend production.
The health sector can be affected to a great extent, as well as affecting clean water and food. Increased temperature enhances the likelihood of exposure to diseases such as malaria and dengue fever in some poor areas. The new Zika epidemic can be developed by more hot weather patterns. The World Health Organization predicts that between 2030 and 2050, climate change will kill nearly 250,000 people around the world.

The previous year, the World Economic Report compiled by the World Economic Forum, which gathered assessments from 750 scientists and experts, concluded that one of the top five risks arising out of the world is a weapon of mass destruction. The other four risks are all related to climate. These risks include a dramatic change in the weather, water crisis, major natural disasters, and failure to reduce and adapt climate change.
“Despite the magnitude of the challenges, some employees are trained to deal with different climate patterns in their plans for the future. We do not have the right people who have the right skills. For example, we are working and do not take into account the heavy flood of rain, or the six-month drought but we only expect to have regular and small quantities of rainwater, so our systems are not equipped to deal with heavy rainfall,” said Daniel Krieger, executive director of the Association of Climate Change Officers, a non-profit organization.

“When these patterns change, you need a trained workforce to deal with such changes. Unfortunately, our civilian engineers have not been trained to deal with climate change in their courses as well as planning officials in local city councils, city and neighborhood managers. None of them received the appropriate knowledge about this," Mr. Krieger added in his statement.
So far, ten more desirable skills remain in the candidates for new jobs, according to a data analysis conducted by LinkedIn, all related to technology, such as cloud computing, e-marketing, knowledge-based search engines, and web design. While some say that modern technology has caused a major change in the workforce today, climate change will also make a big difference in the labor force tomorrow.

The sectors which have seen in recent developments are the energy sector. According to the data provided by the search engine "Indeed", the list of vacancies, in the first quarter of 2014 in the UK, the number of new jobs in the renewable energy sector is approximately one-third as the number of jobs in the energy sector. In 2017, this number has increased almost halfway.
Although these figures are only for Britain, the shift in the renewable energy sector can also be seen worldwide, said Tara M. Sinclair, a professor of economics at George Washington University.
Several factors contributed to this shift, including low oil prices and declining competitive advantage of natural gas. In the same period from 2015 to 2018, the number of new jobs in the oil and coal sectors in Britain fell from 66 percent of total energy sector jobs to less than 47 percent.

This is also due to the concern of both employers and employees to reduce emissions and reduce the impact of climate change, Sinclair says. After oil prices fell for several years, the share of jobs in the oil sector declined and the number of those wishing to work in that sector declined.

Sinclair says many people are moving from the oil and gas sectors to the renewable energy sector, or "green energy", so many employees should have the skills associated with dealing with climate change.



Impact of climate change on human life


There are many things that climate change can affect in terms of health:

Waves of heat

  • Rising temperatures and rising heat waves in the region threaten the health and lives Rising temperatures and rising heat waves in the region threaten the health and lives of humans.
  • Increased diseases and deaths in the summer due to heart disease and breathing.
  • Increased urinary retention in hot weather.
  • High sunburst cases, fainting cases, and convulsions.
  • The ozone layer is highly affected which is responsible for the absorption of ultraviolet radiation and has the ability to absorb harmful rays. If the ozone layer does not absorb harmful rays, then these harmful rays increase the sunburn and increase the risk of skin cancer.

The spread of infectious diseases


1.     The increase in the severity and spread of infectious diseases with the increase in temperature, including diseases borne by intermediate insects of transmission, such as:
2.     Mosquitoes, flies, and rodents.
3.     Infectious diseases such as cholera and others.

4.     Diseases are transmitted by stagnant water and high humidity.


Money language

It is expected to see how climate change affects the expected skills of future workers in other areas as compared to the civil engineering sector.
But even companies directly affected by climate change have also started developing themselves to deal with these changes. One example of Unilever is Andrew Winston, who is advising many companies to help them stay ahead while keeping global trends in management systems, including overcoming climate change.

This huge company that produces almost everything from soap (like Dove) to ice cream (such as Magnum ice cream) has pledged to take serious steps to achieve a number of sustainability initiatives, including saving 100 percent of the energy needed for production in its plants from renewable energy sources by 2030.
The company has already succeeded in reducing emissions from its plants by 43 percent between 2008 and 2016.
Other companies are working on similar ambitious initiatives, such as Walmart, Coca-Cola, and Ikea, all of which have also pledged to turn to 100 percent renewable energy in the future.
It is not surprising that companies seem to speak in the language of civil society organizations, because this language already attracts consumers.
A study conducted by the agency Koon Telecom, which is interested in the study of brands that attract consumers, found that 87 percent of American consumers who participated in this research said that they like to buy a product because of the company's support.

About two-thirds of the employees of the Millennium Generation, who will occupy half of the jobs in the U.S. by 2020, said they were keeping in mind the company's social and environmental commitments while considering the acceptance of the job offer.
According to Unilever's website, reducing waste and preserving energy, for example, are to reduce the cost and the risk of price fluctuation. The company says that it has managed to save the cost of 700 million Euros on this side alone since 2008.
Companies are certainly keen to reduce climate change in the interests of the global economy. A study in 2016 found that the impact of rising temperatures on worker productivity, especially in hot weather countries such as Africa and Asia, could be more than $ 2 trillion in the global economy by 2030.

"Discussions in boardrooms and companies in general about the effects of climate change are getting deeper," says Winston, "There is not a big company in the world that does not discuss sustainable development or climate, and you can not manage your company now without talking about it."
Such factors inspired the heads of several companies like Facebook and Goldman Sachs so that their anger could be expressed by the announcement of the withdrawal of the Paris climate conference by US President Donald Trump.
Some heads of companies, such as Bob Eiger, president of Walt Disney, and Eilon Massek, president of Tesla, also expressed their resignation from the US president's advisory board.

Another important issue that demonstrates the growing interest of companies in climate change, and the appreciation of the people in this field, the people with expertise in tackling the issues of climate change are given higher salaries.
In 2016, a survey of employees of sustainable development departments in companies, mostly in North America and Europe, found that their average salary was $ 87,000, with 12 percent of respondents receiving a salary of up to 143,000 $ Or more.
Yet, as Watson says, human resources departments in many companies are still far from thinking about the importance of including well-informed staff on how to cope with climate change.
"But that's also changing," says Watson. The shift is now ongoing, whether or not the United States has participated in the Paris Climate Convention, Watson said.

 Some solutions to the problems of climate change


We can solve climate change problems by reducing greenhouse gas emissions, using renewable sources of energy that do not emit carbon dioxide. 
Planting trees.
Reducing the use of cars that operate on oil, and urging the use of public transport and driving bicycles to reduce the emission of carbon in the atmosphere.
Promoting awareness-raising and educational programs on the risks posed by climate change to human health.
Disseminate information about diseases and their causes and the effects of climate change.



Journal Reference: -Translated   By: Mahtab Alam Quddusi

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