Sunday, November 4, 2018

DNA could be used to store digital data more efficiently than computers

Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) can be used for data storage. DNA digital data storage technology has many huge applications. Like cassette tapes and CDs, the DNA will not degrade over time and will not become obsolete.
DNA digital data storage
DNA-digital-data-storage

DNA could be used to store digital data more efficiently than computers

DNA: The future of digital storage

Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a roadmap that contains all the details about every living being. 
If you see DNA with the right tools and have a basic understanding of the genome of your goal, then you can tell everything from where the sample came from to the genus and species of your target organism. 
You can find DNA strands that determine body type, hair color, and even sensitivity or susceptibility to some diseases or conditions.

Today, the techniques for storing data in DNA are no longer strange. In the past few years, researchers have encoded all types of data in DNA strings.




Advantages and disadvantages of DNA data storage

Advantages
 A clear advantage of DNA storage, it should ever be pragmatic and practical for everyday use, it will have the ability to keep large amounts of data in the media, with small physical volume. 

Currently, all digital information present in the world can live in four grams of synthetic DNA. 
A less obvious, but perhaps more important, the advantage of DNA storage is its longevity. 
Since DNA molecules can survive for thousands of years, the encoded digital collections in this generation can be recovered by people for many generations to come. 
It can solve the possibility of our digital age lost in history due to longevity, relative impermanence or voltage of optical, electronic and magnetic media. 

Disadvantages
Today, the main disadvantages of DNA storage for practical use are its high cost and slow encoding speed. 
The speed problem limits the promise of technology for storage purposes in the near term, though in the end, the speed can be improved at that point where DNA storage can work effectively for normal backup applications and, perhaps, primary storage. 
For the cost, the expenditure can come to a point where technology becomes commercially viable on a large scale.

DNA data storage
Advantages and disadvantages of DNA digital data storage

How DNA can be used to store computer data?

DNA is the oldest information-storage system that has known for years. It predicts one another for billions of years, from pencils and paper to computer hard drives. But trying to employ it to store the data generated by people, has failed, unlike the data needed to bring those people in the first place. 

Due to cost is not so technical difficulty. A gigabyte encoding in the DNA will run a bill of several million dollars. It is still on the pricey side. 
But in reality, a second ratio also comes in the game for large storage requirements: Gigabytes stored in cubic meters per cubic meter. The catalog's method can store 600bn gigabytes in the same quantity.

While designing a DNA-based storage system, the apparent temptation is to look at the chemical base pair of one and zero and deoxyribose nucleic acids of binary data as equivalent and to translate one into another in relation to each file related to a single, large DNA molecule to be stored.




Unfortunately, it produces molecules that are difficult to index machines when the time comes to see what data is the data of DNA encoding. 
Specifically, computer data contains locations that have long strings of either ones or zeros. DNA sequencers have difficulty when facing unitary strings like base pairs.

The catalog has taken a different step. The firm's system is based on 100 different DNA molecules; each ten base pairs are long. 
However, the order of these bases does not encode the binary data directly. Instead, the company ties these small DNA molecules together for long periods of time. 

Importantly, the enzyme system that uses it to do is able to collect small molecules in whatever is desired, into long ones. 
Starting with 100 types of small molecules is enough; it means that trillions of combinations can be possible for a long time. It can contain large amounts of information in long molecules.

The catalog approach also means that it is difficult to read data incorrectly. Even if the sequential machine gets the base or two wrong, it is generally possible to estimate the identification of the ten-base pair unit in question, thus preserving the data. 
The connective approach of the catalog means that per-byte per DNA is required compared to the requirement of other DNA-based methods. It enhances both time and reading costs to recover data stored in electronic form for processing. 

Overall, however, the method promises to have significant benefits on its predecessors. The next task is to translate that word into reality. 
In the end, a catalog is working with a British technology-development firm; Cambridge Consultants, to create prototypes capable of writing 125 gigabytes of data per day to DNA.

The genetic molecule is too small to store data so it will solve the encoding data tape real estate problem. We need around 10 tons of DNA to store all data of the world. 
There is something that you can fit on a semi-trailer. Synthetic biologists and computing architects are now designing the system to automate DNA storage processes.


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