Monday, September 3, 2018

The most common type of anxiety disorders: Symptoms and Diagnosis

anxiety disorders
The most common type of anxiety disorders

The most common type of anxiety disorders: How are symptoms of anxiety disorder diagnosed?

Anxiety disorder
Types of anxiety disorders
Symptoms of Anxiety disorders
Diagnosis of anxiety disorders

Anxiety disorders are a group of mental disorders characterized by important feelings of anxiety and fear. There are many anxiety disorders such as generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, separation anxiety disorder, specific fear, agoraphobia, panic disorder, and selective mutism. In this article, we will discuss all of the above disorders, symptoms of anxiety disorders and diagnosis, so let’s start.

What is anxiety?

Anxiety is the body's natural reaction to stressful situations, leading to stress, depression, nervousness, fear, apprehension, and worry. But it becomes a disease when it occurs without triggering. The American Psychological Association (APA) defines anxiety as “an emotion characterized by feelings of tension, worried thoughts and physical changes like increased blood pressure." When faced with worrying triggers or potentially harmful, the feelings of anxiety are not only common but necessary for survival. Since the early days of humanity, the incoming danger and the approach of predators have stopped the alarm in the body and allowed a person to harass. These alarms become noticeable in the form of the heartbeat, sweating, and surrounding sensitivity. An adrenaline boost is known as 'fight-or-flight' reaction. It prepares humans to face physically or to avoid any danger to safety. For most modern people, walking with big animals and the following threats is a low-pressure concern.

Anxieties now revolve around the demands of a person's attention without work, money, family life, health, and other important issues that necessarily require the ‘fight-or-flight’ response. An important life is a natural echo of the original 'fight-or-flight' reaction before or after a difficult circumstance, feeling that nervousness during a difficult situation. It may still be necessary to survive - the worry of being killed by the car while crossing the road, for example, it means that a person will look at both the methods effortlessly to avoid danger.

Anxiety disorder

anxiety disorders
Anxiety disorder
Anxiety disorders are a group of mental disorders characterized by important feelings of anxiety and fear. Anxiety is a reaction to current events and worries about future events.  APA describes a person with an anxiety disorder as having "recurring thoughts or fears". Anxiety disorders occur when the reaction is not commensurate with what can normally be expected in a situation. These feelings may cause physical symptoms, such as heart rate and vibration syndrome. The duration or intensity of the feeling of anxiety may sometimes be disproportionate to the original trigger, or stressor. Physical symptoms, such as increased blood pressure and nausea, may also become apparent. These responses go beyond anxiety to anxiety disorder. These disorders affect how we feel and behave and create physical symptoms. Mild anxiety is unclear and disturbing, while severe anxiety can be seriously affected by day-to-day living. The reason for anxiety disorders is the combination of genetic and environmental factors. Risk factors of anxiety disorders include a history of child abuse, family history of mental disorders, and poverty.  Anxiety disorders often occur with other psychiatric disorders, particularly major depressive disorder, personality disorders, and substance use disorders.

Diagnostic symptoms usually need to be present for at least 6 months, should be higher than what can be expected for the condition, and reduce the work. Hyperthyroidism may be included in similar symptoms as a result of other problems; heart disease; The use of caffeine, alcohol, or cannabis; And to get rid of some drugs, among others Without treatment, anxiety disorders remain. Treatment may include lifestyle changes, consultation, and medication. Consultation is specific to one type of cognitive behavioral therapy. Medications like benzodiazepines, antidepressants, or beta blockers can remove symptoms of anxiety disorders.  

Types of anxiety disorder
There are many anxiety disorders, including generalized anxiety disorder, specific fear, social anxiety disorder, separation anxiety disorder, agoraphobia, panic disorder, and selective mutism. The disorder is different from the symptoms. People often have more than one anxiety disorder.

Types of anxiety disorder
Types of anxiety disorder

Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD): This is the most common chronic disorder that includes long-term anxiety and fears about uncertain life events, objects and conditions accompanied by three or more of the following symptoms: insomnia, fatigue, concentration problems, irritability, muscle tension, and sleep disorder "People suffering from generalized anxiety disorder is one of the most persistent fear and worry, and become overly concerned with everyday matters. People with GAD are not always able to determine the cause of anxiety. Anxiety therapy or substance may be a symptom of the problem of abuse, and medical professionals should be aware of it. A person can find that he has a problem in daily decision-making and remember the obligations due to lack of concentration/preoccupation with worry.

Panic disorder: It is defined by the APA as fear or inconvenience which suddenly falls in less than ten minutes and can run peaks for several hours. An attack can be triggered by stress, irrational thinking, general fear or fear of the unknown or even exercise. However, sometimes triggers are unclear and attacks can occur without any warning. A trigger can help to prevent the attack. It is being said that all attacks cannot be stopped. The short or sudden attack of intense panic and apprehension is characteristic of panic disorder
Panic disorder is usually followed by fearful experiences or long-term stress but can also happen without a trigger. A person facing a panic attack can misinterpret life as a dangerous disease. To avoid future attacks from panic attacks, there may be drastic changes in behavior. Moving from these attacks can lead to confusion, dizziness, nausea, and difficulties in breathing. In some cases, a heightened awareness of the body functioning occurs during panic attacks, in which any known physical change is interpreted as a possibly life-threatening disease. 
 Apart from recurring unexpected panic attacks, it is necessary for the diagnosis of the panic disorder that the outcome of the attacks are: either worry about the possible impact of the attacks, the constant fear of future attacks, or significant changes in behavior related to the attacks. In this case, people with panic disorder also experience symptoms outside of specific terror episodes. Often, normal changes in heartbeats are seen by a panic sufferer, making them feel that there is something wrong with their heart or they are going to attack another panic.

Social anxiety disorder (SAD): It is also known as social phobia and it describes the intense fear and defense of negative public inquiry, public embarrassment, humiliation, or social interaction. Social anxiety often reveals specific physical symptoms, including blushing, sweating, and difficulty speaking. An acute fear can be specific to particular social situations or, mostly, is experienced in most (or all) social interactions. Social physical anxiety (SPA) is a subtype of social concern. This is a matter of concern over others' evaluation of someone's body. SPA is common among adolescents, especially among women. As with all serious disorders, people suffering from social anxiety will often try to avoid the source of their concern; this is especially problematic in case of social concern, and in serious cases, social segregation can be completed.

Specific phobias: This concern is the only major category of anxiety disorder in which fear and anxiety are triggered by a specific stimulus or condition in all cases. When people come in contact with their fear, they can experience trembling, shortness of breath, or heartbeat of a strong heart. People understand that their fears are not as the real potential threat but are still overwhelmed by it. The sufferers usually guess the frightening consequences that they are facing the object of their fear, which may occur from an animal to a particular position in a particular position, to the bodily fluid. The normal phobia is flying, blood, water, highway driving, and tunnels.

Agoraphobia: This is specific anxiety about being in a place or situation where running is difficult or embarrassing or where assistance may be unavailable. A common expression requires the continuous view of the door or another escape route. Agoraphobia is strongly associated with panic disorder and often comes out of fear of panic attacks. In addition to fearing itself, the word agoraphobia is often used in the context of avoidance behaviors that sufferers often develop anxiety on driving and therefore, avoid driving.

Situational anxiety: This is due to new circumstances or changes in events. It can also be caused by various incidents that make that particular person uncomfortable. Its phenomenon is very common. Often, a person will experience panic attacks or extreme anxiety in specific circumstances. A situation which causes a person to feel anxiety, it cannot affect any other person. For example, some people become uncomfortable in crowded or tight places, so stand in a tightly packed line, say in the bank or store register, they may have to face extreme anxiety, possibly a panic attack. However, others may experience anxiety when there are major changes in life, such as entering college, marrying, keeping children etc.

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD): In the past, it was an anxiety disorder, but it has now shifted to trauma- and stressor-related disorders in DSM-V. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) research began with Vietnam veterans as well as natural and non-natural disaster victims. Studies have shown that the degree of exposure to disaster is considered to be the best prediction of PTSD. Post-trauma stress can be a painful experience and as a result of an extreme situation, such as war, natural disaster, rape, hostage situations, child abuse, bullying, or even a serious accident. It can also be from chronic exposure to long-term chronic stress. Common symptoms include hypersensitivity, flashback, preventive behavior, anxiety, anger, and depression. Apart from this, people can experience unrest in sleep.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD): It is a situation in which a person is obsessed (disturbing or persistent thoughts and images) and compulsions (urges to do certain acts or rituals frequently), which are not caused by drugs or physical order, and which cause social distress or disorder. The compulsive rituals are personal rules that follow to ease anxiety. Obsessive-compulsive disorder affects approximately 1-2 percent of adults (more women than men) and less than 3 percent of children and adolescents. A person with OCD knows that the symptoms are unreasonable and a struggle against thoughts and behavior. Their symptoms may be related to external events they fear (such as burning their house down because they forget to close the fireplace) or worrying that they will behave improperly.
Selective mutism(SM): This is a disorder in which a person who is normally able to speak in specific situations does not speak. Selective mutism is usually present with shyness or social anxiety. People who have selective mutism remain silent even when the consequences of their silence include shame, social ostracism or even punishment. Selective mutism affects about 0.8 percent of people at some point in their lives.

Separation anxiety disorder (SepAD): This is a normal part of development in children or babies and it is a feeling of the excessive and unreasonable level of anxiety when it is separated from a person or place. Separation anxiety disorder affects about 7 percent of adults and 4 percent of children, but childhood cases are more serious; In some cases, even a brief separation can cause panic. The treatment of a child before the first can stop problems. It may include training parents and family in the way it is handled. Often, parents will strengthen anxiety because they do not know how to work properly with the child.

Common symptoms of anxiety disorders

anxiety disorder
Common symptoms of anxiety disorder

  • Panic attack, fear of something and confusion.
  • Unconscious obsessive thoughts 
  • Sleep disorder
  • shortness of breath
  • High circulation in a heartbeat
  • Ritualistic or ritualistic behaviors such as repeated washing of the hands.
  • Dry mouth.
  • Tingling and numbness of hands and feet
  • Nausea
  • Rotors
  • Seeing bad dreams
  • Continual memories of the previous painful and traumatic events
  • Loss of ability to calm and stability.

Diagnosis of anxiety disorder

How are symptoms of anxiety disorder diagnosed?

Diagnosis of anxiety disorders depends on the appearance of the symptoms. If there are symptoms of anxiety disorders, the doctor begins with the evaluation of patients by asking them about their history and physical examination to detect any physical illness associated with the appearance of the symptoms. Although there are no specialized laboratory tests to diagnose anxiety disorder, the doctor may use tests of different types to look for the disease that causes the symptoms. In the absence of any satisfactory indication, the patients are referred to a psychologist or a mental health specialist.

A mental health specialist who has been specially trained to diagnose and treat mental illness. Psychiatrists and psychologists use the interview and evaluation method that is specifically designed to assess whether a person is suffering from anxiety disorder or panic disorder.

Doctors rely on the patient's statements regarding the severity and duration of the symptoms - including any problems with the daily life. The doctor then determines whether the symptoms of the patient and the degree of incapacity to function indicate an anxiety disorder or panic disorder.

Anxiety disorder is a common disorder in the middle of Europe and the United States of America. It has several types such as generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, specific fear, panic disorder, separation anxiety disorder, selective mutism and all types of phobias. In the stage of habituation, it needs to be addressed moreover. Most cases of anxiety disorder or fear can be treated. The therapist must confront patients with situations of fear such as indoor, animal, and animal objects. Neurodegenerative preparations for good luck do not have the ability or effectiveness to make the patient familiar. Biofeedback, progressive relaxation, hypnosis, and self-movement exercise complement the therapeutic presentation with some special forms of anxiety disorders or phobias. The more disorders, the more they interfere in the person's daily life and affect the quality of life. The goal is to restore the quality and efficiency of life to the affected person in the shortest possible time.

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